Factorial Program in PHP with example

Hi friends, in this tutorial, you will learn how to run the factorial program in PHP. I will explain the details in a step-by-step process. This is a very simple program and you will never forget it if you read this article once.

Also, read the OOPs concept in PHP with real-time examples

Steps to writing the factorial program in PHP

Step 1:- First of all, enter the input value in the HTML form.

Step 2:- Now, we will receive the input value with the help of $_POST superglobal variable for which the factorial will be calculated.

Step 3:- Next, we will declare some variables as shown below

$fact = ""; $factorial_number_err = "";

Step 4:- Now, we will check if the input value is not empty then we will run a for loop up to the number we have received from the HTML form.

Step 5:- Now, each of the incremented values of the for loop will be multiplied with the $fact variable in every iteration and store the result in the $fact variable as shown below

Suppose you have to find a factorial of 5, then the for loop will be executed up to 5.

  • For '1', the value of the fact variable will be fact = fact*1 i.e. fact = 1*1 and it becomes face = 1;
  • For '2', the value of the fact variable will be fact = fact*2 i.e. fact = 1*2 and it becomes fact = 2;
  • For '3', the value of the fact variable will be fact = fact*3 i.e. fact = 2*3 and it becomes fact = 6;
  • For '4', the value of the fact variable will be fact = fact*4 i.e. fact = 6*4 and it becomes fact = 24;
  • For '5', the value of the fact variable will be fact = fact*5 i.e. fact = 24*5 and it becomes fact = 120

Step 6:- From the above step, you can see that the final factorial value of the entered number is 120.

Complete Code:-

<?php $factorial_number_err = ""; $fact = ""; if(isset($_POST['save'])) { if(!empty($_POST['fact_number'])) { $factorial_number = $_POST['fact_number']; $fact = 1; for($i = 1; $i<=$factorial_number; $i++) { $fact = $i*$fact; } } else{ $factorial_number_err = "Input is missing !"; $fact = ""; } } ?> <!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="en"> <head> <title>Factorial Example</title> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1"> <link href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.2.1/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet"> <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.2.1/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js"></script> <style type="text/css"> .container{ width: 40%; } </style> </head> <body> <div class="container mt-3"> <h2>Factorial program in PHP</h2> <form action="" method="post"> <div class="mb-3 mt-3"> <label for="email" class="fw-bold">Please enter the number:</label> <input type="number" class="form-control" id="email" placeholder="Enter The Number" name="fact_number"> </div> <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" name="save">Submit</button> </form> <br> <p style="color: red;" class="fw-bold"><?php echo $factorial_number_err; ?></p> <?php if($fact!=""){ echo '<p style="color: red;" class="fw-bold">The factorial of the given number is: '.$fact.'</p>'; } ?> </div> </body> </html>

Conclusion:- I hope this tutorial will help you to understand the concept. If there is any doubt then please leave a comment below.

Originally published at https://pbphpsolutions.com on November 4, 2022.

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Hi, This is Biplab and I am web developer well versed in PHP and other open source technologies. I am here to share my experience with the community.

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Hi, This is Biplab and I am web developer well versed in PHP and other open source technologies. I am here to share my experience with the community.